January 2008, Vol. 20, No.1


U.S. EPA Publishes Groundwater Guidance

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recently released its Ground Water Rule Source Water Monitoring Guidance Manual, which summarizes the agency’s Final Ground Water Rule. The manual, according to an EPA news release, details the regular inspections that some drinking water facilities must undertake to help ensure that water is free from pathogenic viruses and bacteria.

Issued in October 2006, the rule affects an estimated 147,000 drinking water utilities — serving about 100 million people — that use groundwater and are at high risk for contamination by fecal matter, EPA states.

The manual describes the eight components of a water system that must be comprehensively and regularly monitored to protect against pathogenic viruses and bacteria. These are 

  • source;
  • treatment;
  • distribution system;
  • finished water storage;
  • pumps, pump facilities, and controls;
  • monitoring, reporting, and data verification;
  • system management and operation; and
  • operator compliance with state requirements.

EPA also issued two related guidance documents. Consecutive System Guide for the Ground Water Rule covers wholesale systems that supply groundwater and the water systems that receive and distribute wholesale water, and Complying With the Ground Water Rule: Small Entity Compliance Guide covers water systems that serve fewer than 10,000 people.  

Singapore Spotlights Water in 2008

In June 2008, Singapore will host the inaugural Singapore International Water Week at the Suntec Singapore International Convention and Exhibition Centre Singapore.

International Water Week will serve as a forum for the discussion of key issues central to the industry and its goals for the future, according to a news release from Singapore International Water Week Pte Ltd. Conference organizers hope to encourage communication among government officials, industry leaders, and water specialists through a series of events, including the Water Leaders’ Summit, Water Convention, Water Expo, and water activities at Singapore’s various reservoirs. At the conclusion of the event, the prestigious Lee Kuan Yew Water Prize will be awarded to an individual or organization that has made outstanding contributions to the industry.

Singapore International Water Week will be held June 23–27, 2008. For more information, see www.siww.com.sg.  

Top 10 Companies Supply 50% of World’s Pumps

The world market for industrial pumps in 2006 was $29 billion, according to a news release from McIlvaine Co. (Northfield, Ill.), a marketing research group, with the top 10 companies accounting for 50% of the total. The rankings of 457 pump companies have been compiled by McIlvaine and are included in Pumps: World Markets, a 40,000-page online report.

ITT (White Plains, N.Y.) is the largest supplier, with annual sales of $2.7 billion. Ebara (Rock Hill, S.C.) and Grundfos (Bjerringbro, Denmark) were the second- and third-largest suppliers, respectively.

McIlvaine reports that Asian pump suppliers are rising in the rankings. One Chinese and one Indian company are in the top 30. Many new Chinese companies have entered the market in recent years, according to the news release, as they meet the rapidly growing demand for industrial pumps within the country.

The world market, according to McIlvaine, will grow to $37 billion in 2011. Contributing to this growth will be purchases in China for municipal wastewater treatment, drinking water, chemical, iron, and steel manufacturing.

For more information, see www.mcilvainecompany.com/brochures/water.html#N019.

U.S. EPA To Assist Livestock Operators

In October, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) awarded two grants totaling $8 million to provide direct technical assistance to livestock operators to prevent water pollution discharges and reduce air emissions.

According to an EPA news release, RTI International (Research Triangle Park, N.C.) will provide assistance to farm operators in the eastern United States, and Environmental Resources Coalition (ERC; Jefferson City, Mo.) will provide assistance in the western states.

“Clean water and sound farming go hand in hand,” said EPA Assistant Administrator for Water Benjamin H. Grumbles. “EPA’s cooperative conservation funds will help livestock operators assess and prevent potential air and water impacts while maintaining our country’s agricultural and economic competitiveness.”

The two organizations will provide livestock operations with two types of technical assistance at no cost to the operator, including comprehensive assessments of water and air quality environmental challenges and recommendations for strategies to mitigate these challenges, as well as development or review of the facility’s nutrient management plan, which specifies the amount of manure that can be applied to crops so the potential for runoff to waterbodies is minimized. The technical assistance will be available to any livestock operation in the United States beginning in summer 2008 and continuing through October 2011, EPA notes.

Nationally, there are an estimated 1.3 million farms holding livestock in the United States, according to EPA. Approximately 238,000 of these are considered animal feeding operations. These operations generate more than 454 million Mg (500 million ton) of animal waste annually and, as a consequence, continually face the challenge of how best to manage these wastes to minimize adverse impacts on the environment, EPA said.

For more information, see www.epa.gov/npdes/afo.  

American Rivers Receives Funding from NOAA for Local Restoration Projects

The U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has awarded American Rivers (Washington, D.C.), a national organization devoted to preserving and restoring rivers, an $800,355 grant to renew its joint effort with NOAA to restore streams and rivers in the U.S. Northeast, Mid-Atlantic, and Northwest regions, and California. The stream restoration projects, according to a news release from NOAA, benefit salmon, striped bass, American shad, and other species that migrate between fresh water and saltwater.

NOAA says the grant funds awarded to American Rivers will support stream-barrier removal projects that help restore river ecosystems, enhance public safety, and have clear and identifiable benefits to migratory fish populations in the four target regions. Local organizations may apply for part of this grant money via www.americanrivers.org/NOAAGrants. NOAA reports that such river restoration projects also boost communities’ natural resiliency to the effects of climate change and extreme weather events, such as flooding and storms.

For more information on American Rivers, see www.AmericanRivers.org.